Venezuela Facts...

Portrait of a boy with Venezuela flag painted over his face
Boy wih the Venezuelan flag painted over his face -© Duncan Walker/ Istockphoto

Let's review some Venezuela facts from the very beginning...

Since its early discovery by Cristopher Columbus in 1498, the history of Venezuela was marked by succesive changes of status according to the needs and wishes of the Spanish Crown, until 1830, when Venezuela broke away from the Gran Colombia and became a sovereign state led by Jose Páez.

It was, however, Simon Bolivar, known as The Liberator, who played a key role in freeing Venezuela - as well as other countries in Latin America - from Spanish domination.

In fact, he emancipated Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Peru and founded Bolivia.

For a better understanding on the history of South America and their struggle for independence, please refer to The Northern Colonies, The Last Days of the Empire and The War of Independence I and II.

Other Venezuela facts include the country's territorial borders, that, weren't clearly defined at its early stages, and today there is still an ongoing border dispute with Guyana, as Venezuela claims the region known as Guayana Esequiva.

Beyond historical facts, Venezuela is an oil-based economy that roughly accounts for a third of GDP. It's the world's fifth largest producer of crude oil.

Venezuela Geography:

The following are some Venezuela facts on geography you may find relevant when planning your vacations.

Venezuela sits close to the Equator, bordering with Guyana to the east, Brazil to the south, and Colombia to the west. See its map on Google earth.
Its Caribbean neighbors off the northern coast are Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Curaçao, Bonaire, Aruba, Saint Vicent and the Grenadines.

Map of Venezuela
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The geography of Venezuela is action-packed for the adventure traveler.
If you just want some beach relaxing time you couldn't be in a better place either, as there are more Venezuela beaches than you can imagine or choose from.

With the largest Caribbean coastline any country has to offer, extending through some 2,800 miles (4,000 km), Venezuela will provide you with one of the best South America vacations for beach lovers.

From swimming to snorkeling to scuba diving and sailing, you have everything you need to enjoy a superb Venezuela holidays.

But the variety of Venezuela attractions don't finish here in the least.
Being one of the most mega diverse countries in the world, it has a huge environmental and wildlife diversity in several protected areas - 49 national parks to begin with.

You could go trekking the Andes at Cordillera de Mérida, or do some skiing at Sierra Nevada National Park - sitting at an altitude of 14,000 feet (4,270 m) above sea level - only reserved to the bravest though.

Los Llanos region is dominated by the Orinoco river, second only to the mighty Amazon, the two most important rivers in South America.
As soon as you reach Ciudad Bolívar or Ciudad Guayana go canoeing the Orinoco, or make it to the Delta Amacuro for a jungle-like experience.

To the south of the Orinoco, the Guiana highlands will introduce you to the fantastic tepuis (table-top mountains) that populate Canaima National Park, one of the largest in the world, with 3,000,000 ha.

Mount Roraima, in the tripartite border with Brazil and Guyana, it's the tallest tepuy, at 2,710 meters (9,094 feet), but is Auyantepuy the one that carries the waters of Churun river into an abyss, creating the astonishing Angel falls, world's highest single drop waterfall and one of the biggest tourist attractions in South America.

Mount Roraima landscape. Venezuela
Mount Roraima Landscape. Venezuela. © Vladimir Melnik / Istockphoto

Venezuela Facts:

That's it. We've reviewed some Venezuela facts concerning its history, geography and practical information for the international traveller.
Have we overlooked something? Is there other Venezuela facts you'd like to see included in the list? Just let us know and we'll update it accordingly.


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