Sucre (Bolivia) was born in 1538 as Villa del Plata de la Nueva Toledo, founded by Pedro de Anzures, Marques de Campo Redondo, soon after the Spanish conquistadores overrrun the Inca Empire.
It was the result of silver ("plata") mining explorations overseen by Gonzalo Pizarro - brother of Francisco Pizarro, who disembarked in Peru in 1530 with a group of adventurers in search of gold and power on behalf of the Spanish Crown.
The village evolved into a prosperous town and was converted in the city of La Plata by Royal Edict in 1555. By 1559 became the seat of the Real Audiencia de Charcas - and part of the Viceroyalty of Peru - born with the purpose of administering the eastern territories.
In fact, it was divided into four administrative centers or "intendencias", the intendencia of La Paz, Potosí, Chuquisaca and Santa Cruz.
The Audiencia acquired the status of the highest court in the Americas, presiding over an extense territory that included what is now Paraguay, SW of Peru, most of Bolivia and the Northern parts of Chile and Argentina.
La Plata became known as Charcas and transformed itself into the legal, religious and cultural center of the Eastern colonies, particularly with the establishment of the University of San Francisco Xavier in 1624.
Due to the wealth of the silver mines of La Plata and Potosí, the Eastern colonies flourished in the XVII century, rivaling the size of European cities at the time. For instance, Potosí became larger than London and richer than Paris.
It was around that time when Charcas (La Plata) was renamed Chuquisaca (mispronunciation of the aboriginal name, and tribe, known as Choquechaca).
Sucre (Bolivia) is the birthplace of the country's independence. In fact, the Declaration of Independence was signed in Chuquisaca on August 6th, 1825. The country was named after Simón Bolivar, who fought along with his Venezuelan compatriot Jose Antonio de Sucre, and liberating other countries in South America from Spanish rule as well.
Five days later, on August 11th, the city was renamed once again, this time to honor Sucre.
Sucre is a charming colonial city with lots to offer to visitors, particularly if you are fond of history and architecture. White houses with red-tiled roofs and wooden-carved balconies are most characterisitc.
Constitutional capital of Bolivia - home of the Supreme Court - it has one of the oldest universities in the Americas: Universidad Mayor de San Francisco Xavier, founded in 1624.
As part of your sightseeing tour, make sure to include as well...
Religious buildings abound in Sucre...
Moving around a bit, you may want to visit the dinosaur footprints and fossils rests some 10km to the North of the city, or get to know the villages of Yotala and Nucchu. If fond of hiking, try the three days trek to Maragua.
Sucre seats at an altitude of 2,790 meters above sea level, best time to visit is from May to September.
The historic city of Sucre (Bolivia) was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1991.
Coming from abroad, you will land at El Alto Intl Airport (world's highest airport), located at El Alto, just outside La Paz. A short flight of about one hour will take you to Sucre's Airport Juana Azurduy de Padilla Intl, some 10km away from city centre. For more info on this visit Airports in Bolivia.
Several airlines cover this destination, as well as other main cities in Bolivia, namely Aerosur, Lab and TAM.