Land of extremes, Argentina boasts the highest literacy rate in South America, the highest point in the Southern Hemisphere - Mount Aconcagua (6,962 m.) - in Mendoza province and the lowest point - Laguna del Carbon (-105 meters) - in Santa Cruz province.
If coming from abroad, you are most likely to land at Aeropuerto Internacional Ministro Pistarini, about 45 minutes drive from downtown Buenos Aires.
To learn more about the top landing strips in the country as well as main international airlines flying to/from visit Argentina Airports.
Argentina can be roughly divided in several geographical areas...
The wine region par excellence, particularly in San Juan and Mendoza provinces.
Melting waters from high in the Andes mountains form the backbone of irrigated lowland oasis. San Juan province is home to the magnificent Valley of the Moon (Ischigualasto).
Further North the region gets hotter and drier with more geographical accidents in La Rioja Province.
Don't miss Talampaya National Park, about 200km from La Rioja city.
The Gran Chaco region in the North of the country covers the provinces of Chaco and Formosa. Dotted with sub-tropical forest, scrubland and some wetlands.
An area of high peaks and fertile valleys, such as the Calchaquies valley in Salta Province. Salta is well known for its wines and tren de las nubes (train of the clouds).
It runs between Parana and Uruguay rivers embracing Entre Rios, Corrientes and Misiones provinces. This area attracts many fishing enthusiasts from all over the world. Corrientes features the amazing Ibera wetlands (Esteros del Ibera) as main tourist destination. Misiones has the superbIguazu falls.
In the central-eastern part of Argentina, including the provinces of Buenos Aires, Santa Fe, La Pampa and part of Cordoba. Formed by vast expanses of plains and pastures, agriculture and cattle grazing are the region's most important activities.
Its further subdivided in humid pampas and dry pampas.
Read more about it in the gaucho page.
Major rivers include Pilcomayo, Paraguay, Bermejo, Rio Negro, Colorado, Uruguay and Parana (longest river: 4,700km). The later two converge before reaching the Atlantic ocean, forming the estuary of Rio de la Plata.