Climate of Peru...

When we talk about the climate of Peru, we are talking about a HUGE diversity, up to the point that embraces eight of the eleven types, following Kppen climate classification system - Vladimir Peter Kppen, 1846-1940.

Peru Regions
- semi warm and dry climate (subtropical, desert) along the coast and up to 2.000 m.a.s.l.
- very dry warm (arid tropical), most noticeable on the northern coast and up to 1.000 m.a.s.l.
- temperate sub-humid in the Andean valleys between 1.000 and 3.000 m.a.s.l.
- cold climate, in the Andes mountains, between 3.000 and 4.000 m.a.s.l.
- very cold climate (tundra) at altitudes between 4.000 and 5.000 m.a.s.l.
- gelid climate, at altitudes over 5.000 m.a.s.l.
- humid warm climate, in the low jungle between 40 and 400 m.a.s.l.
- very humid semi warm in the high jungle, at altitudes between 400 and 1.000 m.a.s.l.

Even though the country is located in the equatorial area of South America, the climate of Peru doesn't correspond to its geographical location, this is basically due to two factors, the Andes mountains range and two major offshore ocean currents, the Humboldt current - also known as Peruvian current - and the warm Panama current of El Nio coming down the Ecuadorian coast.

Iquitos Climate Data
Cuzco Climate Data
Lima Climate Data

Courtesy of Real World Holidays

It's important to note that Peru's seasons run opposite to those in the northern hemisphere. According to this, the four seasons embrace...
- Autumn: March 22nd to June 21st
- Winter: June 22nd to September 22nd
- Spring: September 23rd to December 21st
- Summer: December 22nd to March 21st

Being one of the most geographically diverse countries in the continent, its varied landscape also make for distinct weather conditions. Changes in altittude are so extreme that you can go from freezing cold high up in the mountains to boiling sun in the coast. Furthermore, the coast itself experiences dramatic changes in temperature as you head down south.

In practical terms, particularly if you planning some Peru holidays, it's better to understand the climate of Peru according to its three geographical regions, so you can make an informed decision about where and when to go...

Finally, let's have a look at the weather forecast for some of Peru's main cities...

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For more info regarding climate of Peru, please visit the National Service of Meteorology and Hydrology (SENAMHI) - Site in Spanish.


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