Brazil: Portrait of a young soccer fan - © Duncan Walker / Istockphoto
Talking about Brazil facts, it's the 5th. largest country in the world and the largest in South America with a total territory of 8,514,599 square kilometers.
It takes nearly six hours of a jumbo jet flight to cross it from North to South.
A federation with 26 states and a federal district:
Brasilia, Brazil's capital since 1960.
Rio de Janeiro was the former capital from 1763 to 1960. Before that was Salvador da Bahia
Its coastline has some 7,367 km. bordering the Atlantic ocean - so you have a few thousands
Brazil beaches to choose from - and several islands: such as Penedos de Sao Pedro e São Paulo, Trindade e Martim Vaz, Atol das Rocas and Fernando de Noronha archipelago.
Brazil has borders with Venezuela and the Guianas: ( Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana ) to the North and Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay to the South.
To the NW, Colombia, and Peru and Bolivia to the West.
The North of
Brazil holds about 45% of the total surface, being the least populated (about 1/3 of the total population) and under-developed area. Main cities here are Salvador, Fortaleza and Recife.
The SE region is the richest and most populated, with the biggest cities in the country:
São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.
Brazil's geography is marked by the absolutely superb Amazon rainforest to the North, covering an area of 2.5 million square miles and embracing a total of nine South America countries: Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia and the Guianas. Its biggest
rivers are : Amazon (2nd. largest in the world after the Nile in Egypt), Parana, Iguacu (Iguassu) -home to the fantastic Iguazu Falls- Xingu, Madeira, Tapajos and San Francisco.
Pantanal, with approx. 400,000 square km. is one of the major ecologic destinations in Brazil, covering the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul plus part of Paraguay and Bolivia. Cerrado or Brazilian savannas, an area of about 2 million square km. in central Brazil.
Facts about Brazil:
The following is a list of the most relevant
190.7 million (according to 2010 demographic census) distributed as follows: 53,7% white, 38.5% of mixed race, 6.2% black (legacy of slavery in Brazil and most noticeable in Salvador).
Religious faith is Roman Catholic (73%), Protestant (15,4%), Spiritualist (1.3%), vodoo (0.3%) and none (7.4%), according to 2000 census.
Portuguese but Spanish and English is spoken in the cities
Real (BRL). It's called Reais in plural. 1 BRL = 0.481742 USD (May 2009)
Mostly tropical, but temperate in south Time:
Brazil spans four time zones: Rio and São Paulo GMT-2 (GMT-3 from april to October), Brasilia and Belem GMT-3 (GMT-2 from October to March and GMT-4 to the West.
Carnival in Brazil is worldwide famous, particularly in
Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and Recife. Soccer means passion to Brazilians and they are very good at it. They have won five World Cups to prove it.
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