The city built in 2,000 days

 Cathedral Nossa Senhora Aparecida
Cathedral Nossa Senhora Aparecida - © Christian Knepper/Embratur

We first visited Brasilia in the Autumn of 1976, barely 16 years after its inauguration as Brazil's capital city.

Before that, it was Rio de Janeiro who held that position from 1763 to 1960.

It is indeed one of the most original cities in the world, whose official buildings - innovative and imaginative - are a landmark in the history of town planning.

In fact, UNESCO listed the city as a World Heritage Site in 1987.

Designed in the shape of a flying bird or airplane, its Master Plan was conceived by Lucio Costa and major buildings planned by Oscar Niemeyer.

It's located in the Federal district created from the State of Goiás, in the central highlands of Brazil. See it on the map. Visit Gigapan Brazil to see very high resolution panoramic pictures of the place.

Brasilia city is not particularly famous for its nightlife. We would consider a visit to the city as more cultural/architectural oriented than entertainment/leisure/fun that characterize other Brazilian cities such as Rio or Salvador for instance.

However, for nature and outdoor living enthusiasts, the natural world that surround the city - known as Brazilian savanna or cerrado, it's magical and varied. You will see hidden waterfalls, caves, lakes, natural swimming pools, grottoes and twisted trees in places like...

About 42% of the territory of the Federal District is part of environmental protection areas. The best attractions are located in the State of Goiás: Chapada dos Veadiros national park and Pirenépolis.

The capital of Brazil is worldwide famous for its architecture, so here is a list of its main sights and buildings...

  • Praça dos Três Poderes...
    - National Congress
    - Presidential Palace
    - Supreme Court
  • Explanada dos Ministerios
  • Palace of Justice
  • Itamaraty Palace
  • Brasilia Cathedral
  • Claudio Santoro National Theater
  • Television Tower (highest point in Brasilia)
  • Juscelino Kubitschek Memorial
  • Palacio do Alvorada
  • Dom Bosco Church
  • Paranoá lake
  • Parque da Cidade (City park). The largest urban park in the world.
  • National park
  • Botanic Garden
  • Brasilia zoo

 Plaza dos Tres Poderes
Praça dos Três Poderes - © Christian Knepper/Embratur

Apparently, Brasilia city is the result of a long standing and visionary dream. Back in 1823, when the General Constituent Assembly of the Empire was considering installing the capital in the Brazilian interior, its name was put forward by Jose Bonifacio.

And there is also a prophecy related to it. In 1883, saint Dom Joâo Bosco - Salesian priest from Turin, Italy - revealed that a new civilization would emerge in the center of Brazil, somewhere between the 15th and 20th parallels.

Brasilia was officially inaugurated as capital of Brazil on April 21st, 1960.

How to Get There:

The city has a modern International Airport - Juscelino Kubitschek. Find more info at Airports in Brazil.
By Bus:
It is connected to all important Brazilian cities.
Distance to Sao Paulo: 870 km.
Distance to Rio de Janeiro: 931 km.

Where to Stay:

The Hotel Area (Setor Hoteleiro) are SHS and SHN, located on both sides of Eixo Monumental. Find and compare best hotel rates in Brasilia.

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